A hairy problem

Causes of hair loss

A hairy problem

At a certain age, few men are spared, but women are also suffering more and more from hair loss. Men desperately try to comb the remaining hair over the thin areas, women trick with hair bands and cleverly arranged hairstyles.

Anyone who wants full, strong hair, but his hair looks increasingly dwindling, is often looking desperately for a way to stop the hair loss. In the meantime, a million-dollar industry has developed from this, which uses dubious promises to pull money out of people's pockets.

What helps against hair loss?

To understand what really helps against hair loss, you need to know the life cycle of hair and hair follicles. Humans have over 5 million hair follicles on the head and body and as many as a chimpanzee. Although the job of hair follicles is the production of hair, not every hair follicle has a hair. The fact that most of the hair follicles are on the forehead is probably good.

The hair growth cycle

Each hair undergoes a life cycle with three phases:
- During the two- to six-year growth phase, the hair is formed in the hair follicle and getting longer and thicker.
- In the transition phase, the hair root is no longer supplied with nutrients and horny after 2 weeks.
- In the following rest phase of the hair follicle sets the metabolism and the hair dies.

After about three months, the hair follicle forms a new hair, which pushes the old hair out of the follicle, so that it finally fails. The cycle begins again.

Different from person to person

Each hair follicle can normally go through between 10 and 30 hair growth cycles before it is stunted and can no longer grow hair. How many lifecycles the hair follicles can go through and how long the different phases of a hair's life cycle are, is determined in the genes and therefore different from person to person. This is why some men go bald at the age of 30, others only reach 60, some women have strong and full hair when they are old, others already have light spots on their heads when they are 40 years old.

Hormones also play a role, but these are often genetically predetermined in their direction of action. However, one increasingly sees that also epigenetic factors can influence hair growth.

Yet another effect is the circulation of the scalp. People who are more into adrenaline have narrowed blood vessels and a slightly poorer blood flow to the end stream pathways around the follicles. That's why there are hair lotions with antihypertensive, vasodilator drugs.

When does one talk about hair loss?

If you find a few hairs every day on your pillow or in the hairbrush, you do not have to be scared. Every day, up to 100 hairs can fail. New ones are growing up again.
As long as hair loss and hair growth are in balance, there are no clear spots. Only when more than 100 hair fail daily or the hair growth is disturbed, one speaks of hair loss and it comes to thinning hair and blemishes.

Causes of hair loss

Hair loss can have several causes. Especially often the cause is in the genes, one then speaks of hereditary hair loss. But external factors such as hormonal changes, medications, thyroid disorders, stress and poor diet can lead to hair loss. In these cases, one speaks of diffuse hair loss.

While hereditary hair loss is especially noticeable as receding hairline and hair loss on the back of the head in men and as "thinning" of the crown in women, there is no recognizable pattern in diffuse hair loss. The hair becomes thinner overall, hair falls out everywhere and the head becomes lighter.

Lack of essential amino acids

90 percent of the dry weight of a hair is keratin. Keratins are protein fibers and in order to produce enough of them, the body needs enough protein building blocks, so amino acids.
There are more than 270 different amino acids in the body, only 20 of them are found in proteins. More than half of them can be produced by the human body itself. The eight amino acids that he can not make himself are called essential amino acids because they are vital and must be supplied to the body from the outside.

If there is a lack of essential amino acids due to unhealthy diet or great physical or mental stress, the body lacks the necessary building blocks to form keratin. If this condition persists, the logical consequence is hair loss. This can also be seen in chemotherapy. The body even removes building blocks from the dispensable hair follicles, in order to set them in other, more vital places.

nutrient deficiency

The hair follicles consist of particularly dividing active cells. This leads to a high metabolism and means that they need a lot of nutrients to maintain the process.
If there is a nutritional deficiency due to unhealthy or one-sided nutrition, the hair follicles will not get enough energy to continue their work, just as a car without gasoline can no longer drive. The consequence is a disturbance of the growth cycle of the hair. If the lack persists, it can quickly lead to hair loss.

Oxidative stress

In the human body there are so-called free radicals. These are molecules that lack an electron. They try to compensate for this deficiency by wresting an electron from other molecules. If they succeed in doing so, they will harm the other molecule and the associated cell. A limited or defective cell function is the result. This in turn leads to erroneous, slowed or uncontrolled cell division.

Fortunately, in the human body there are also radical scavengers, so-called antioxidants. These are molecules with an extra electron that they can release to a free radical without being damaged. They neutralize free radicals and protect the body's cells.

Various environmental toxins, nicotine, alcohol, lack of exercise, stress and unhealthy diets lead to increased production of free radicals. If there are more free radicals than radical scavengers in the body, oxidative stress is created, which disturbs the cells, the cell division and renewal processes in the body and therefore also negatively influences the hair growth cycle.

Physical or mental stress

In the case of major physical or mental stress, the body releases various messengers and hormones, including cortisol and adrenaline. With this he prepares for a great effort and mobilizes all reserves. However, if the exercise does not follow a physical effort or the stress becomes chronic, these hormones circulate persistently in the blood. These stress messengers reach the hair roots, constrict the blood vessels and damage them sustainably, leading to permanent hair loss.

Natural tips against hair loss

While genetically caused hair loss can not be avoided, you can do something against diffuse hair loss, mitigate it or prevent it.

Sufficient supply of essential amino acids

Make sure you have an adequate supply of essential amino acids. They are the building blocks your body needs to form and grow hair, which is a prerequisite for strong and full hair. (PriosaMINO)
Sufficient supply of nutrients and antioxidants

Also, the adequate supply of nutrients is a must if you want to prevent hair loss. Only when the cells have enough nutrients at hand, they can do their job and produce hair.

Support your body in its fight against free radicals by providing it with sufficient antioxidants. To prevent oxidative stress and its consequences. An important building material group are the minerals. If they lack the body, in important place, the "less important" hair they have to give. Noteworthy are silicon (silica), zinc and the trace elements (chromium, manganese, molybdenum).
Likewise, there are vitamins that serve hair growth. These are especially: biotin, panthenol and vitamin K2.

Relaxation

Relax regularly. So your body breaks down the stress hormones before they can damage the hair roots and lead to hair loss.

Scalp massage

Massage your scalp twice a day with your fingers or with a soft natural bristle brush. So you ensure an increased blood circulation of the hair follicles, which stimulates the natural hair growth.

Aloe vera, egg yolks and onions

A hair pack made of aloe vera gel, egg yolk or several hours of pulled onion pieces also stimulates natural hair growth and fights spots that become lighter.