(competitive) sport [1/2]
Increased nutrient requirement in athletes
Sport is important - the dose is important!
Sport is important for a healthy body. But as with any medicine, it depends on the dose. If you believe that the health-promoting effect of sport is increasing with the crowd, you are wrong. A grain of truth is contained in Winston Churchill's famous quote "Sport is Murder". Moderate sport improves health, while high levels of physical stress can even harm health without adequate nutrition.
Increased nutrient requirement with accelerated metabolism
Those who do sports increase their metabolism, thus accelerating the processes in the body, where basic substances such as food and oxygen are converted into the substances that the body needs to survive and function. As a car needs more gasoline the faster it drives, so the body needs more ingredients to maintain its functions with an accelerated metabolism. However, the body's gasoline is not just energy in the form of calories, but also vital nutrients such as vitamins, minerals, trace elements and amino acids. Nutrients are essential for the function of the body, d. H. imperative and can not be made by the body itself. Therefore, they must be fed through a balanced diet or good nutritional supplement.
White flour and fast food are referred to as "empty calories" because they provide the body with energy, but no nutrients. An unhealthy diet can therefore lead to a dangerous nutrient deficiency in the long term and is particularly dangerous for athletes with increased nutritional needs.
The special meaning of amino acids for athletes
Of particular importance among the vital nutrients are essential amino acids. Amino acids, as the building blocks of proteins, play a central role in the transport and storage of nutrients in the body, affect the function of organs, and are essential for wound healing and the development of new tissues, especially muscles, vision, ligaments, and cartilage.
Seeing and ligaments connect the muscles with the bones, cartilage protects the bones in the joints from abrasion. They belong to the connective tissue and consist of the amino acids methionine and cysteine, whereas methionine, in contrast to cysteine, is an essential amino acid that the body can not produce itself. A sufficient supply of methionine and thus well-functioning joints and strong vision and ligaments are a prerequisite for athletic performance and adequate protection against injury.
The physical performance is increased by the body is moderately brought to its limits. For this he needs a lot of "gasoline" in the form of energy and nutrients. When the energy stores are emptied, the body starts to use amino acids for energy. Therefore, intense and prolonged exercise can lead to a lack of amino acids, resulting in muscle mass depletion, weakened tendons and ligaments, worn cartilage, and increased risk of injury. Therefore, especially athletes should know their increased needs and pay attention to an adequate supply of essential amino acids.
Amino acids are not only necessary for a healthy, functioning musculoskeletal system, they also control the cortisol levels in the body. Cortisol is produced by the body in situations of great physical or mental stress and therefore also called stress hormone. A chronic high cortisol level can lead to fatigue, increased fat storage, insomnia, heart disease, mental illness and a weakened immune system, the so-called "open window phenomenon". It is a condition in which the body is open to bacteria, viruses and germs like a window and can not protect itself. Especially after intense exercise, the body has a high cortisol level, is prone to infections and has an increased need for amino acids; Regeneration and the immune system compete for the same vital substances.
Increased energy demand causes oxidative stress
Of course, in addition to the vital nutrients, the body also needs pure energy to survive and function. The body gains this energy through various metabolic processes of food and oxygen.
In addition to energy, however, waste products in the form of oxygen radicals are unfortunately also formed in these metabolic processes. These are also called "free radicals" and are highly reactive oxygen molecules that lack an electron. Therefore, they try to wrest an electron from another molecule or atom. If they succeed in doing so, a new molecule with a missing electron, ie a new free radical, is created. If the body had nothing against this process, the process would never end and the body would suffer from oxidative stress.
Oxidative stress is considered the main cause of premature aging and is suspected to significantly increase the risk of life-threatening diseases such as atherosclerosis, heart attack, stroke, cancer, rheumatism, diabetes, neurodegenerative diseases and autoimmune diseases.
Fortunately, there are so-called radical scavengers in the body, substances with antioxidant properties. These radical scavengers are substances with an extra electron that they can release without becoming a free radical. They neutralize free radicals and protect the body from oxidative stress.
Normally, the antioxidants in the body are sufficient to prevent oxidative stress. However, unhealthy diet, smoking and UV rays increase the formation of free radicals in the body and thus the need for antioxidants.
Due to the increased energy requirement and the accelerated metabolism but also sports leads to a larger amount of metabolic waste products, so free radicals. So even supposedly healthy sport can lead to an imbalance and cause oxidative stress in the body.
Therefore, an adequate supply of antioxidant nutrients is very important for athletes. Only in these circumstances is Churchill's quote nothing more than the excuse of a sports muffle.
We want to give you the best possible support in your active lifestyle. In cooperation with an expertise in the field of sports, PriosaATHLETICUM was developed taking into account the factors mentioned above (and some others). We make it possible for you to be able to meet your increased (micro) nutrient requirements as an athlete and to be able to start fully in good conscience!
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